Anemia has anemia in children as a disease that can be healed by hemoglobin in the blood.
The most common causes of anemia in children are the nutritional deficiencies in the body and the lack of iron. The normal indicators of the hemoglobin level in a baby’s blood at the age of six are 125-135 gm per liter and the last permit is 110 g / l.
The risk of anemia is primarily for children born with earlier or multiple pregnancies, as well as for any gut diseases. Hematopoiesis have a high rate of infancy in children under the age of 3, due to adequate maturation of the organs and the increased impact of adverse environmental impacts. Ironically, there is iron deficiency anemia.
According to the World Health Organization, this kind of anemia occurs in about 20-25% of all children. Forty-three percent of children under the age of four, five to twelve thirty-seven percent. Also, experts believe that the late Iron deficiency anemia is very common, that medical expressions are not accompanied by. To prevent anemia, it is recommended to eat completely and in a balanced way, to be mostly outdoors, to move sharply, to get enough vitamins and trace elements.
Causes of anemia in children
In the body responsible for the production of hemoglobin is a lack of body.
Various pathological processes are particularly relevant to the nature of the bowel tube, by breaking the absorption of essential nutrients for the production of hemoglobin.
Depletions in the hematopoietic system function in the bone marrow
Anatomical and physiological maturity of the organs of hematopoietic system.
Negative impact of unfavorable environment.
Disturbing and unbalanced food and food.
Especially in the body of iron, copper, manganese, cobalt, nickel, and group B and C, vitamin folic acid.
If the baby was born much earlier than the expected time (with early pregnancy).
Symptoms of anemia in children
Anemia symptoms are classified based on the type and severity of the disease. Many symptoms are common for all types of anemia. At the same time, some of its varieties can cause different symptoms. Distinguishing symptoms can only be a qualified expert in diagnosis. The most common symptoms of children with anemia are:
Rapid heart rate.
Shortness of breath
Feeling fatigue, dizziness and headache in the ears.
Weakness, sluggish common state.
Flavor disorders (for example, eat a baby cucumber).
Hair and nails are dull.
Decrease the appearance of the skin (for example, the hard surface of the skin).
Yellow shade of skin.
Integration and expansion of liver and spleen.
Often infectious diseases.
Anemia is a lack of infants
Defective haemorrhage occurs in children as a result of the lack of substances contained in the contribution to the formation of hemoglobin. They are very common among children under the age of one year. One of the most common defective anemias is anemia anemia. Generally, it occurs as a result of substantial intake of substances, resulting in nutrient-related nutrients for child formation and development, a protein or iron absence. Infectious diseases of the defective anesthesia can lead to diseases, and can be contributed to their development during impaired immune system (high vulnerability rate) and during adolescent childbirth.
Iron deficiency in children is anemia
Iron deficiency in children Anemia is divided into the following forms:
This leads to anemia as a result of weak brain activity, psychotropic activity is expressed in adequate growth form. An infected child with an anaenia can, as a rule, irritate, divert attention, monument, night bladder, joint pain, hypotension.
Symptoms include mucous membranes, skin, as well as nails and hair positive and inflammation. The baby usually has the lowest levels of appetite hemoglobin in the intestines, which can indicate heartburn in the intestines, nausea, nausea, inflammation, swallowing discomfort, skin and pneumonia in the process of inadequate absorption.
This disease often has severe respiratory infections and an infectious bowel syndrome. In most cases, children with this disease have reduced blood in blood plasma and weakened the body’s protective functions.
This form causes severe iron deficiency anemia. The baby is soon to get tired, his blood pressure is reduced, silkworms are found, the systolic murmur is heard, the dizziness can occur.
The most rare form of the uranium, which usually occurs in the background of infusion and severe iron deficiency.
B12 Anemia in infants
Possible shapes are formed in bone marrow cells Children B12 deficiency anemia is huge, bone marrow, low blood cell count, and red blood cells that lead to difficulties in preventing increased bleeding and bleeding. Also, with B12 defective anemia, the most dangerous in life may be a sharp decrease in the blood of the neutrophils. When severe Vitamin B12 deficiency disorders occur, the mucous membranes of digestive membranes occur, and nervous disorders develop. Vitamin B12 deficiency often occurs as a defective product of glycoprotein, which is responsible for its normal coordination.
Vitamin B12 can be diagnosed after the risk or hepatitis associated with the absorption of the entire liver from the liver or the liver. Clinical manifestations of anemia at age 12 are violating the functions of the hematopoietic system, nervous and digestive system. Fiznagruzki is a tachycardia, the baby gets tired soon, is listless. As part of the digestive tract, gastric secretion is obese, lacking hydrochloric acid in gastric juice. The tongue feels burning, the skin turns yellow, the spleen (sometimes – the liver) slightly larger and the bilirubin’s blood rises in blood. For treatment, the administration of cyanocobalamin is given once a day once a month. After progression, once every seven days, once every two to three months is prescribed, once a month for six months. Vitamin B12 is recommended once a year or five times (five to six injections) after confirming the condition for vaccinations.
Hypogromic anemia in children
Hypogromic anemia in children occurs as a result of hemoglobin in the heterozytes. Detection color properties are determined by the quantity of erythrocytes and hemoglobin levels and values are based on a common blood analysis. Hypogranic anemia, low hemoglobin levels in all cases combined with color reduction during color. The size, appearance and diagnosis of red blood cells affect the diagnosis. Red blood cells with red blood cells have a spherical shape, dark edges and a light point in the middle. Hypogromic anemia is divided into iron deficiency, zhelezonasyschennuyu, zhelezopereraspredelitelnuyu anemia and mixed type. The symptoms depending on its shape are as follows: The juice, apple and carrot juice (in a hundred soy the comparative value) can be added to a variety of general weakness, dizziness, mental and physical functions, hyperactivity, skin bleeding, etc. mixed supplemental therapy using a glass of fresh juice pomegranate Natural honey is added to fifty grams of grams Tana completely mix and take two tin three times a day in the form of spoon heat. The ready mixture should be placed in the refrigerator, before allergic reactions are present and should be sure to consult with a doctor.
Asbestic anemia in children
Influxic anemia in children refers to the type of hibpoplastic anemia and is the most common form. If the bone marrow is affected, the functions of the hematopoietic system are breached, lukocytes, platelets and erythrocytes are reduced. Bone disease infection is usually associated with infection or toxicity in the bone marrow. Asbestic anemia is often spontaneously formed and severe. Leaves skin thinner, nose bleeding, creates injuries under the skin and can cause a temperature reaction. With these symptoms, immediate medical care is required because this disease is classified by rapid progress. In most cases, the removal of plasma in order to normalize function of bone marrow in this therapy requires the chemical treatment and exchange of the red blood vessel derived from the entire blood. In the absence of a positive result, the bone marrow is necessary.
Hemolytic anemia in children
Children with hemolytic anemia have an excessive destructive characteristic of red blood cells, which can be hereditary or acquired. Hemorrhagic anemia This hemoglobin is caused by an enrichment of erythrocyte. Defective red blood cells, especially in spleen, can survive eight to ten of their reliability. The first symptom of the disease can be born immediately or can be shown at any age. Hemolytic anemia, yellow color, become pale, where mental growth is a real delay and, in some cases, mental development. The spleen and liver can expand and shrink. The crisis that arises in this illness can last seven to four days, and reaction temperatures, headache, severe stroke, muscle activity, decrease in motor activity, etc. The spleen surgery can be reduced to removal or removal of disease symptoms.
Anemia in children with anemia
Nutrition Anemia that is caused by anemia in children of an year old age is caused by anemia, severe nutrition, post-infection anemia and severe type Yaksh-Gayema anemia due to anemia.
Antimal anemia is the result of age of up to six months and is the result of deficiency of iron, salt, vitamins and proteins. In most cases, it occurs when breastfeeding. Anemia’s development reveals itself in the form of degeneration of appetite, skin skin and muscle weakness. Stool masses are dry or clay, and the liver is slightly expanded. The baby is sluggish, quickly tired and jaundice can occur. In severe mental and physical condition, excessive dizziness of the skin, lymph nodes, liver increases, increased body heat, heart noise appears to appear to dyspnea. The hemoglobin level decreases sharply, and the amount of red blood cells can be normal. Iron deficiency should be included in the diet. The treatment is aimed at removing nutrition and eliminating the causes.
Anemia in premature babies occurs at about 20%, which occur most frequently in childhood. Anemia is directly associated with childbearing season related to the erythematoscope – it causes a small, difficult disease. In the first few months, a ninety percent of cases will be loaded with the required red blood cell suspension, which is less than one kilogram of less than one kilo per week. Decreasing the level of bleeding reticulocytes in premature babies and lowering the bone marrow hematopoiesis functions (prior to hematopoiesis activity), hemoglobin (seventy and ninetyg / l or less) is progressive. Distinguish between early and pink anemia from mature babies. First, a rule is developed for the fourth tenth week after birth. In this case the reticulocyte level is less than one percent, the hemoglobin’s highest level is seventy grams / L for eighty, the weight of the weight is reduced by twenty or thirty percent. Symptoms of anemia in children with diarrhea may be accompanied by common anemia and blanching the skin may be palpitated, palpitations, and others. Anemia growth in vitamin D B6 folic acid deficiency has a negative effect on zinc, med, selenium, molibden elements, as well as the negative impact of the infectious agent. Low blood anemia occurs in about three to four months in early infants. The main symptoms of this disease are a lack of appetite, blanching and skin lean, mucosal surfaces, liver and spleen degeneration.
How should anemia be treated in children?
To determine how to diagnose anemia in children, it is important to know the causes and guidelines for its development. For example, the lack of iron is necessary to make iron products with a complete and balanced diet. These drugs take pre-diet or natural antioxidants to drink the recommended dosage between an hour before a meal, should be best – citrus if any allergies. Once the hemoglobin level is normalized, treatment should be followed after completion of the entire study. Comprehensive treatment includes full nutrition, ingredients containing iron (beef, fish oil, milk, buckwheat, eggs, meat, poultry and rabbit, semolina, bovine kidney, walnuts, ed.). Herbal treatment is recommended for absorption of nutrients and malnutrition in the digestive system. The removal of the digestive tissue and removal of inflammatory processes include peppermint and chamomile teas and hip teas, sage, oak bark, and St. John’s wort. Complex treatment includes vitamins and minerals including foods. When iron deficiency is used, the drug is used for hemophrenia. Hemoferon took in half an hour before eating. The calculation measure is based on the Body Mass Index: Body weight is three to six milligrams of hematic iron per kilogram. About three years a year, 7.5 ml – 5 ml ten months a year – 2.5 ml for children aged three months, 10 ml for four to nine months, from 4 to six years – 12.5 ml, seven to ten years – 15 ml.
Treatment of iron deficiency anemia in children
Treatment of iron deficiency anemia fills the cause of the disease and fills iron containing iron additions to replenish iron in the body. The main principle of treatment of children’s iron deficiency conditions is:
Iron deficiency in drugs and medicine.
Continuation of treatment after normal hemoglobin levels were normalized.
Only when the blood pressure leads to life is a threat to life.
Ferrotherapy drugs are divided into ion (salt and polycystic zhelezosoedineniya) and nonionic (complex hydroxide polymtoznogo 3-Valentium iron is not included). Daily daily medications are calculated to indicate the age of the child. Recommended dose of iron ore for iron deficiency treatment for children under three years is a daily dose of 3 mg / kg body weight. For children from the age of three – 45-60 ml of iron per day; For adolescents – 120 mg / day. When using 3-valued iron hydroxide-polyamondos complex products, the daily dose for children is 3-5 mg / kg body weight. The positive outcome is gradually emerging with the reception of iron products. After normalization of hemoglobin, there is improvement in the muscle condition, two weeks after the start of treatment, the rate of reticulocytes increased. Medical symptoms of anemia have disappeared in less than two-three months of treatment, and the complete replacement of iron deficiency in three to six months from the beginning of treatment. Hemoglobin is the daily treatment of iron-containing drugs after half the treatment. In the unfinished treatment, the possibility of recurrence is higher. Drug ferment leak is used for infiltration of iron. The maximum daily dose is 0.5 ml for intravenous infections for children weighing up to 5 kilograms, weighing 5 to 10 kg – 1 ml. The approximate period of treatment with mild anemia is two months, the average intensity of two and a half months, severe cholera – three months.
Nutrition for anemia in children
Proper and adequate nutrition is very important with anemia in children. In the first months of birth, the child’s mother needs to get enough iron. Filling foods are further improved with iron absorption of other dietary processes in breast milk (around six or seven months old). Especially in the need for iron consumption control, children with low weight, who are often born much earlier than who are sick who are sick. The baby’s diet should include up to eight months of meat, which is a complete source of iron, buckwheat and barley porridge. Starting at the age of one year, in addition to the meat, the fish should be fish. Iron joints increase the use of meat and fish products in combination with vegetables and fruits. Food and diet foods can add to Table No.11 Anemia in children increases nutrition and absorption of nutrition in vitamin C. Dietary No.11 calories contain high amounts of foods, proteins, fat and carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Recommended food five times a day. The following foods and products are recommended for children with nutrition, nutrition, and diet: Table, Vegetables, fruits, natural honey bees, wild roses.
Children with anemia prevention
Children are diagnosed with anemia prevention laboratory blood tests, which detects the development of mild anemia by delaying it. The district pediatrician refers to the necessary preventive measures based on a general test and laboratory data. Other factors that prevent the hematopoiesis process in the mother’s body, delayed swelling, inflammation, or pregnancy during pregnancy in the risk group are children with the condition of inherited disease if ironic deficiency. Children with dangerous birth weight at risk; Children who consume synthetic foods and do not have enough nutrients; Child born with early pregnancy. For pregnant purposes, children born with an early pregnancy are recommended for birth purposes and from the third year of the third year, iron arrangements are recommended. Anemia prevention is a complete and balanced diet with a protein, vitamins and minerals required. Eat baby meat, liver, egg, fish, cheese, cheese, vegetables and fruits and natural juices. The general strength of the body requires a healthy lifestyle, and the new air is necessary to exercise during exercise and get depressed.